LOS ANGELES, CA - NOVEMBER 12: Demonstrators participate in the #MeToo Survivors' March in response to several high-profile sexual harassment scandals on November 12, 2017 in Los Angeles, California. The protest was organized by Tarana Burke, who created the viral hashtag #MeToo after reports of alleged sexual abuse and sexual harassment by the now disgraced former movie mogul, Harvey Weinstein. (Photo by David McNew/Getty Images)
Researchers from the American Psychological Association recently conducted a study, published in Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, to further explore how enduring sexual harassment can cause psychological harm.
To do so, they surveyed 2,000 Britons. They found that women are more likely than men to report the effects of sexual assault, which could include anxiety, depression, eating disorders, drug and alcohol abuse, post-traumatic stress and a lower level of overall happiness.
Although men may be at a higher risk for mental health issues after experiencing sexual harassment, women are also more likely to report incidents of it.
Furthermore, researchers found men in the military are 10 times more like to endure sexual harassment, compared with civilian men. However, 81 percent of military men who are harassed keep quiet.
“Sexual harassment in the workplace is a significant occupational health psychology problem,” APA President Antonio E. Puente said in a statement. “Psychological research has offered understanding into the causes of workplace harassment, as well as some strategies for preventing or reducing it. However, there is limited research regarding the characteristics of harassers, which makes it difficult to predict who will do it and where and when it might happen.”
While the APA acknowledges there is more research to do, it is encouraging organizations to be proactive by establishing policies that prohibit sexual harassment, raising employee awareness and creating reporting procedures.
“Psychology can help, in the form of sexual harassment training,” Puente said, “but it only works if it is part of a comprehensive, committed effort to combat the problem.”